Footnotes

1. The Wellcome Research Institution (London: The Wellcome Foundation Ltd., 1934), 16.
2. E.F. Kelly, Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association 25 (1936): 888-9.
3. New York Times, December 27, 1894, p. 5.
4. Henry James Parish,Victory With Vaccines: the Story of Immunization (Edinburgh, London: E & S Livingstone, 1968), 50.
5. "The British Medical Association Exhibition," Chemist and Druggist 47(1895): 236.
6. E.M. Tansey, "The Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories 1894-1904: The home office, pharmaceutical firms, and animal experiments," Medical History 33(1989): 1-41.
7. Walter Dowson, The Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories (London: Brockwell Hall, Herne Hill, 1903), 9.
8. Sir Henry Wellcome: A Biographical Memoir (London: The Wellcome Foundation Ltd., 1953), 3-4. Herald editor A.J. Manley observed: "We are under obligations to our friend, Henry Wellcome, for a bottle of Ku Klux or Invisible Ink, which works to a charm. You have only to trace what you wish to say, with this colorless fluid, which makes no visible line on paper, fold it and send it to your Ku Klux accomplice in crime, who takes the letter, holds it over a heated stove, when the whole business becomes as visible as the nose on your face." (Herald, October 21, 1868, p. 3.)
9. Julius E. Haycraft, The Watonwan River (Fairmont, Minnesota: Sentinel Publishing Co., 1945).
10. Joseph N. Nicollet, Report Intended to Illustrate a Map of the Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River (Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1843).
11. Roy W. Meyer, History of the Santee Sioux (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1967).
12. Ibid., pp. 117-132.
13. Henry S. Wellcome, The Story of Metlakahtla. (New York: Saxon & Co., 1887), 342-3.
14. The History of the Santee Sioux, pp. 127-8.
15. Thomas Hughes, The History of Blue Earth County (Chicago: Middle West Publishing Co., 1901), 135-158. See especially pp. 145-46.
16. George B. Sedgley, Geneology of the Burbank Family and the Families of Bray, Wellcome, Sedgley (Sedgeley) and Welch (Farmington, Maine: Knowlton and McLeary, 1928), 440-52.
17. The History of Blue Earth County, pp. 247-48.
18. Garden City Herald, October 21, 1868, p. 3. An advertisement for S.C. Wellcome & Co. reads in part: "N.B. Dr. Wellcome's Office in Room next door north of the Store, where he will prescribe for the sick, when in, and in his absence all orders for his services promptly attended to."
19. Mankato Record, December 27, 1862, p. 2 20. Sinclair Lewis, Arrowsmith (New York: The Modern Library, 1925), 3.
21. Helen Clapsattle, The Doctors Mayo (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1941), 78; and Marion D.Shutter and J.S. McLain, eds., Progressive Men of Minnesota (Minneapolis: Minneapolis Journal Pub. Co., 1897), 266.
22. The Doctors Mayo, p. 14.
23. Arrowsmith, p. 14.
24. Jay E.Greene, ed., 100 Great Scientists (New York, Washington Square Press, 1964), 178.
25. The Doctors Mayo, p. 147.
26. Rochester Post Bulletin, October 19, 1935, p. 2.
27. Henry S. Wellcome, "A Visit to the Native Cinchona Forests of South America," Proceedings of the American Pharmaceutical Association Annual Meeting 27(1879-1880): 814-830. Wellcome's original manuscript submitted to the journal was lost. He rewrote the published article from his notes.
28. Ibid., p. 821.
29. Ibid., p. 826.
30. Ibid.
31. Ibid.
32. T.H. Bishop, "Inventor of the compressed tablet: William Brockedon," Chemist and Druggist 162(1954): 209.
33. Ibid.
34. F.N.L. Poynter, The Evolution of Pharmacy in Britain (Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, 1965), 136-138.
35. George B. Sedgley, The Wellcome Family of Freeman, Maine (Phillips, Maine: The Phillips Print Shop,1939), 15. See also Geneology of the Burbank Family..., p. 444.
36. Charles F. Code, "Mayo-Wellcome Relationships." Report prepared for Alvin B. Hayes, August, 1976, Mayo Foundation Library of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota.
37. "The Wellcome Centenary: The Life of Sir Henry Wellcome," reprinted from The Times Supplement of August 25, 1953. (London, The Wellcome Foundation Ltd., 1953), 3-47.
38. Sir Henry Wellcome, pp. 8-9.
39. James Playsted Wood, The Story of Advertising (New York: Ronald Press Co., 1958), 13.
40. Sir Henry Wellcome, p. 10.
41. Helen F. Turner, Henry Wellcome: The Man, his Collection and his Legacy (London: The Wellcome Trust, 1980), 14-15.
42. The Romance of Exploration and Emergency First Aid from Stanley to Byrd..., (New York: Burroughs, Wellcome & Co., 1934).
43. Ibid., p. 75.
44. For Twain's interest, see Lewis Leary, ed., Mark Twain's Correspondence with Henry Huttleston Rogers 1893-1909 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969), 433-35.
45. Richard Hall, Stanley (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1975), 354-357.
46. Dorothy Stanley, ed., The Autobiography of Sir Henry Morton Stanley (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1909), x.
47. C.M. Wenyon, "Henry Solomon Wellcome, 1853-1936," Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society, 1936-1938. Vol. II(1938) (London: Harrison & Sons, Ltd.), 234.
48. The Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories.
49. Obituary Notices..., pp. 229-238. See also Sir Henry Wellcome and "The Wellcome Centenary."
50. "Burroughs and Wellcome--Adventure in Drugmaking," Resident Physician 15(March 1969): 74-81.
51. U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. H.R. 8128 To Authorize a Permanent Annual Appropriation for the Maintenance and Operation of the Gorgas Memorial Laboratory, 70th Cong., 1st sess., 1928.
52. Ibid., p. 46.
53. Ibid., p. 33.
54. Remarks of Charles Moore during the presentation of the Remington Honor Medal to Henry S. Wellcome, Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association 23(1934): 494.
55. U.S. House Hearings, p. 38.
56. Winston Churchill, My African Journey (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1908), 66.
57. Obituary Notices, p. 234.
58. My African Journey, p. 65.
59. U.S. House Hearings, p. 38.
60. Sir Henry Wellcome, p. 9.
61. The Story of Metlakhatla, pp. 343-345.
62. Fanny Hardy Eckstorm, The Penobscot Man (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1904).
63. U.S. House Hearings, p. 47.
64. Ibid., p. 49.
65. Mrs. J.W.B. Wellcome, Jr. "Memorandum of some of the activities of Sir Henry S. Wellcome (1853-1936)," November 12, 1946, the Mayo Foundation Library of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, pp. 3-4.
66. Sir Henry Wellcome , p. 22.
67. Ted Morgan, Maugham (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1980), 174-5.
68. Ibid.
69. Garden City Herald, February 24, 1869, p. 3. Editor A.J. Manley writes that Dr. Wellcome is scheduled to speak at nearby Vernon Center on the subject of temperance. Wellcome's address was well received, as Manley reports in the following issue of the Herald (March 3, 1869): "We visited an enthusiastic temperance meeting, at Vernon Center, on Wednesday evening last. The temperance people of that place go in for a prohibitory law. Would that all temperance communities were as earnest on the subject."
70. Ralph Barton Perry, Puritanism and Democracy (New York: The Vanguard Press, 1944).
71. A.R. Hall and B.A. Bembridge, Physic and Philanthropy: A History of the Wellcome Trust (London: Cambridge University Press, 1986), 6-7.
72. Sir Henry Wellcome, pp. 12-13.
73. Sedgley, Geneology of the Burbank Family..., p. 431.
74. Jack S. Blocker, Jr., American Temperance Movements: Cycles of Reform (Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1989), 30-9.
75. See Malcolm Bull and Keith Lockhart, Seeking a Sanctuary: Seventh-day Adventism and the American Dream (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1989); Ruth A. Doan, The Miller Heresy, Millenialism and American Culture (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987); and Ronald L. Numbers and Jonathan M. Butler, eds., The Disappointed: Millerism and Millenarianism in the Nineteeth Century (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1987.
76. Geneology of the Burbank Family..., pp. 440-452.
77. Isaac C. Wellcome, History of the Second Advent Message (Yarmouth, Maine: I.C. Wellcome, 1874).
78. Bull and Lockhart, Seeking a Sanctuary.
79. Hillel Schwartz, In: The Encyclopedia of Religion, Vol. 9 (New York, Macmillan, 1987), 521-32.
80. Charles A. Johnson, The Frontier Camp Meeting (Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1955). See also John Greenleaf Whittier's report of a Millerite camp meeting, "The World's End," in The Prose Works of John Greenleaf Whittier (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1889), 419-27.
81. Report of remarks by Henry S. Wellcome upon receiving the Remington Honor Medal, Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association 23(1934): 498.
82. Solomon C. Wellcome, "My childhood home," Garden City Herald, October 23, 1867, p. 4.
83. The Encyclopedia of Religion, pp 521-532.
84. "The Life of Mary and Solomon Wellcome," Wellcome News, October-November, 1959, p. 10.
85. Maugham, p. 175
86. Ibid., pp. 200-201.
87. "Henry S. Wellcome Knighted," American Journal of Pharmacy, January, 1932, pp. 67-69.
88. J. L. Starkey, "Finds from Biblical Lachish," The Illustrated London News, July 6, 1935, 19-21.
89. "Wellcome Memorial in Garden City, Minnesota," Wellcome News , pp. 1-12.
90. Lake Crystal Tribune, October 4, 1989.